(628)-272-0788 info@etutorworld.com
Select Page

Abiotic and Biotic Factors (Definition, Differences, Worksheet)

Grade 6 Science Worksheets

In life science, Abiotic Factors(eg. water and soil) are the non-living components of an ecosystem. Biotic Factors(eg. plants and animals) are the living components of an ecosystem. Together, biotic and abiotic factors form an ecosystem. The world around us consists of multiple such ecosystems. Read further for definitions, examples, differences, and more.

You can test your knowledge with the downloadable 6th Grade Abiotic and Biotic Factors Worksheet.

If you need more help, you can check out 6th grade science online tutoring from eTutorWorld. You can try a session for free before you make a purchase.

What are Biotic Factors?

Any living thing within an ecosystem is considered a biotic factors. Some examples for biotic factors are: algae, all plants, all animals, all birds, and micro-organisms

They are categorized as follows.

Biotic Factors - Categories - Producers, Consumers

Schedule a Free session to clear worksheet doubts

No credit card required, no obligation to purchase.
Just schedule a FREE Sessions to meet a tutor and get help on any topic you want!

Producers :  

Producers are also known as Autotrophs, In Greek   “Auto” means “self” and

“troph” means food. They are the source for life on earth. These organisms can prepare food on their own by the process of photosynthesis. The first life found

on earth was producers. Primary producers are the green plants also known as

green gold. They are the source of food for other organisms.

Biotic Factors - Producers - Example - Plant


Consumers are also known as “Heterotrophs”. In Greek, “Hetero” means “other” and “troph” means food . These organisms feed on other living organisms for food. These are incapable of producing their own food by photosynthesis hence, feed on plants or animals or both.



Micro Consumers:


Biotic Factors - Micro Consumers - Sub Types Diagram

a) Herbivores: These are the primary consumers that feed only on plants. Example – Cow, rabbit

Biotic Factors - Example - Cow

b) Secondary Consumers: The organisms that feed on primary consumers. Example : wolf

Biotic Factors - Example - Wolf

c) Carnivores: The organisms that feed on secondary consumers. Example – lion.

Biotic Factors - Example - Lion

d) Omnivores: The organisms that feed on both plants & animals.

Example – Human beings.

e) Scavengers: The organisms that feed on dead animals and convert them into organic matter.

Example – vulture, eagle etc.

eTutorWorld Understands Math Tutoring | Online Math Worksheets are Important Tools

Understanding graphs, charts, and opinion polls in a newspaper, for calculating house and car payments, and for choosing a long-distance telephone service are impossible without strong math skills …and the only way to develop strong math skills is by constant practice.

‘Practice makes a man perfect’ holds true for no other field better than for math. A middle or high school student must set aside a minimum of an hour for math every day. Other than textbooks, worksheets help you revise and understand concepts better.

Our expert tutors prepare online maths worksheets that are age and grade-appropriate. Grade-wise math worksheets for Elementary Math, Arithmetic, Pre-Algebra, Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry, Statistics, Pre-Calculus and Calculus can be solved to improve math skills, to get ahead or to even catch up.

You may download these FREE online math worksheets in the PDF format, and then print and email us their solutions for a free evaluation and analysis by eTutorworld’smath expert tutors.

You may solve these worksheets by yourself or with your peers while studying together.

The Answer Key at the end of each worksheet allows for a self-evaluation.

Personalized Online Tutoring

eTutorWorld offers affordable one-on-one live tutoring over the web for Grades K-12, Test Prep help for Standardized tests like SCAT, CogAT, MAP, SSAT, SAT, ACT, ISEE and AP. You may schedule online tutoring lessons at your personal scheduled times, all with a Money-Back Guarantee. The first one-on-one online tutoring lesson is always FREE, no purchase obligation, no credit card required.

For answers/solutions to any question or to learn concepts, take a FREE CLASS.

No credit card required, no obligation to purchase.
Just book a free class to meet a tutor and get help on any topic you want!

2. Macro Consumers :

 Decomposers are also known as saprophytes where “Sapro” means “decay” and “troph” means “food”.

The organisms that feed on dead and decaying organisms and convert the complex organic matter into simpler form which can be easily taken by plants. These include soil bacteria, fungus , worms  flies and other organisms. These organisms metabolize waste products and convert them into rich fertilizers.

Example: Earthworm, fungus, virus etc.

Biotic Factors - Example - Virus
Biotic Factors - Example - Food Cycle

Biotic Factors Examples

  1. Aquatic plants
  2. Fish
  3. Amphibians
  4. Algae
  5. Bacteria
  6. Corals
  7. Sharks
  8. Jellyfish
  9. Soil bacteria
  10. Fungi
  11. Trees
  12. Grass

What are Abiotic Factors

Abiotic Factors are non-living components present in the ecosystem. Some examples are: soil, air, rocks, sand, sunlight, and water. Earth is the only planet that supports life due to the presence of these abiotic factors. These factors are most important as they determine where and how the organism exits in its environment and given as below.

Abiotic Factors - Diagram
  •  Soil :

The upper layer of the earth rich in organic matter, minerals and nutrients. There are different types of soil depending upon the texture and origin they can classified into many types. Each type is different from other in the terms of composition.  Soil is very essential for the growth of the plants as it provides all the required nutrients for their growth.

  • Atmosphere :

This is the layer of the air that surrounds the earth. It creates the condition suitable for the existence of life on earth. The gas that is essential for the existence of life is present in the atmosphere.

  • Sun :

Sun is the source of energy on earth. it is essential for growth of plants. Solar energy is directly taken by the plants for preparing food in the process of photosynthesis. Since animals cannot use solar energy directly they obtain it indirectly by consuming plants.

It has a greater impact on the growth of the plants. The temperature of the earth is also maintained due to the heat produced by the sun and as a result we have different seasons.


Sun is the only source of light on earth. It widely affects the growth of the plants. Many plants grow well when exposed to proper sunlight.

  • Water :

Water is the universal solvent. Many biochemical reactions take place in the aqueous medium. It helps in regulating the body temperature. Rainfall is one of the major source for water.

  • Nutrients :

The movement and exchange of organic and inorganic matter back into the nature is known as nutrient cycle. There are three major nutrient cycles that are essential and responsible for the life on earth which are as follows:

  • Water cycle
  • Nitrogen cycle
  • Oxygen Cycle

Abiotic Factors Examples

  1. Soil
  2. Atmosphere
  3. Sun
  4. Light
  5. Water
  6. Moon
  7. Nutrients
  8. Rock
  9. Sand
  10. Humidity
  11. Temperature
  12. Altitude
  13. Moisture
  14. Water Currents

Check Point

Fill in the blanks:

  1. The layer of air that surrounds the earth is known as __________.
  2. Exchange of organic and inorganic matter back into nature is known as __________.
  3. The only source of light on earth is _____.
  4. The process by which plants prepare their own food is known as __________
  5. Identify the primary consumer among the following.
    1. Tiger
    2. Crocodile
    3. Goat
    4. Cheetha
  6. Which among the following is not the abiotic component?
    1. Soil
    2. Water
    3. Light
    4. Plants
  7. What are the abiotic components required by the producers for preparing their own food?
    1. Sunlight
    2. Water
    3. Soil
    4. Both 1 & 2
  8. Matching:
Column A                    Column B
A.      Land        i.            Omnivores
B.      Virus        ii.            Producer
C.      Human being        iii.            Abiotic component
D.     Sun flower plant        iv.            Saprophytes


Answer Key
  • Atmosphere
  • Nutrient cycle
  • Sun
  • Photosynthesis
  • choice(3)
  • choice(4)
  • choice(4)
  • A-iii,B-iv,c-i, D-ii

Biotic and Abiotic Factors Worksheet with Answer Keys

Let’s test your knowledge with a worksheet that can be completed online or downloaded as a pdf. Create an eTutorWorld free account with your email ID and access the worksheet at abiotic and biotic factors worksheet for 6th grade.

Schedule a Free session to clear worksheet doubts

No credit card required, no obligation to purchase.
Just schedule a FREE Sessions to meet a tutor and get help on any topic you want!

Pricing for Online Tutoring

Tutoring PackageValidityGrade (1-12), College
5 sessions1 Month$139
1 session1 Month$28
10 sessions3 months$269
15 sessions3 months$399
20 sessions4 months$499
50 sessions6 months$1189
100 sessions12 months$2249

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are Biotic Factors in simple words?

Biotic factors, in simple words, refer to living things in an ecosystem. These organisms can grow, reproduce, and adapt to their environment. Examples of biotic factors include plants, animals, fungi, bacteria, and humans. Biotic factors interact with each other and with the non-living components of the environment, known as abiotic factors, to form a complex ecosystem.

What are Abiotic Factors in simple words?

Abiotic factors, in simple words, refer to non-living things in an ecosystem. These are physical and chemical components of an environment that affect living organisms, but are not themselves living. Abiotic factors include temperature, water, air, rocks, and minerals.

What are 5 biotic and abiotic factors?

Here are five examples each of biotic and abiotic factors:

  • Biotic Factors: plants, animals, fungi, bacteria, and humans
  • Abiotic Factors: temperature, water, soil, minerals, and light

Biotic factors are living organisms that can influence an ecosystem, while abiotic factors are non-living components that can influence an ecosystem.

Are trees biotic or abiotic?

A tree is a biotic factor.

Biotic factors are living components of the ecosystem. A tree is a biotic factor because it is a living organism.

Trees provide a habitat for other organisms, absorb carbon dioxide and producing oxygen, and play a critical role in nutrient cycle. In addition to trees, other examples of biotic factors include animals, fungi, bacteria, and plants.

Are rocks abiotic or biotic?

Rocks are abiotic.

Abiotic factors are non-living components of the environment.

Rocks can influence ecosystems by affecting soil composition, providing a habitat for organisms, affecting waterflow in a stream, affecting temperature, or by affecting wind patterns.

Is water abiotic?

Water is an abiotic component of the ecosystem.

Abiotic factors are non-living components of the ecosystem. Water is an  abiotic factor because it is not a living organism.

Water provides a habitat for organisms, can change position or temperature of both biotic and abiotic factors. In addition to water, other examples of abiotic factors include soil, rocks, rain, temperature, and sun.

What are 10 Biotic Factors?

Here are 10 biotic factors:

  1. Plants
  2. Animals
  3. Fungi
  4. Bacteria
  5. Protists
  6. Viruses
  7. Humans
  8. Insects
  9. Birds
  10. Fish

What are 10 abiotic things?

Here are 10 abiotic things:

  1. Sunlight
  2. Water
  3. Temperature
  4. Soil
  5. Air
  6. Minerals
  7. Rocks
  8. Oxygen
  9. Carbon dioxide
  10. pH levels of soil and water
Webinar : Core Parenting Skills for Healthy Brain Development
Friday, April 19th at 7PM (Eastern Time)
Free Webinar
Candy Chan
CEO of Hoppity Learning Stanford Graduate
Webinar : Core Parenting Skills for Healthy Brain Development
Friday, April 19th at 7PM (Eastern Time)
Free Webinar