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Opposite Numbers

Grade 6 Math Worksheets

Are you ready to uncover the intriguing concept of opposite numbers? In mathematics, opposite numbers play a vital role that might initially seem puzzling.

You’re about to unlock the secrets behind these numerical opposites, gaining insights that will boost your math skills and broaden your understanding of the numeric world.

Join us on this concise journey as we unravel the significance of opposite numbers and pave the way for your mathematical exploration ahead.

In this article, we will cover:

  • Understanding Opposites
  • Adding and Subtracting Opposite Numbers
  • Multiplying and Dividing Opposite Numbers
  • Practice Problems
  • FAQs

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Opposite Numbers - Grade 6 Math Worksheet PDF

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Understanding Opposites

We’ll dive into the heart of opposite numbers, unraveling their significance and exploring the dynamics of positive and negative numbers. By the end of this, you’ll have a solid grasp of what opposite numbers represent and how they shape the mathematical landscape.

  • Defining Opposite Numbers: Discover the fundamental definition of opposite numbers and their unique relationship on the number line.
  • Positive and Negative Numbers: Delve into the world of positivity and negativity in numbers, understanding their roles and characteristics.
  • Real-Life Examples of Opposite Numbers: Explore practical scenarios where opposite numbers come into play, from temperature changes to financial transactions.

Adding and Subtracting Opposite Numbers

Welcome to the world of mathematical equilibrium and adjustment. In this part, we’ll delve into the art of adding and subtracting opposite numbers, providing you with vital tools to maneuver confidently along the number line.

  • Balancing Act: Discover the method of adding and subtracting opposite numbers to unveil their combined value or disparity. Explore the concept of zero pairs, where positive and negative opposites cancel each other out.


Example: 3+(−3)=3+(−3)=0 When you add a positive 3 to a negative 3, they create a zero pair.

  • Navigating the Number Line: Develop a keen sense of how opposite numbers interact on the number line. Visualize the movement from positive to negative and vice versa, understanding the subtle shifts in magnitude.

Example: Imagine a number line. Starting at 2, moving one step to the left takes you to 2−1=12−1=1, and another step to the left leads to 2−2=2−2=0.

  • Practice Makes Perfect: Use hands-on exercises to solidify your grasp of addition and subtraction involving opposite numbers. Strengthen your skills through guided practice problems.

Practice Problem: 5−(−3) Solve for the result by subtracting negative 3 from positive 5. Remember, subtracting a negative is akin to adding the positive value.

By mastering the techniques outlined in this, you’ll be equipped to confidently address intricate numerical challenges and apply your newfound expertise to real-world scenarios.

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Multiplying and Dividing Opposite Numbers

In this chapter, we’ll take a deeper dive into the realm of opposite numbers by exploring multiplication and division. These operations bring a new dimension to your understanding of opposites.

  • Multiplying Opposites: Uncover the rules of multiplying opposite numbers and their intriguing outcomes.

Example: (−2)×3=3(−2)=−6 When you multiply a negative 2 by a positive 3, the result is a negative 6.

  • Dividing Opposites: Learn how to divide opposite numbers and discover the emerging patterns.

Example: (−10)÷(−2)=(−10)÷(−2)=5 Dividing a negative 10 by a negative 2 yields a positive 5.

  • Exploring Interactions:  Delve into scenarios where the multiplication and division of opposite numbers are vital.

Example: Think of temperatures. A positive temperature (above zero) multiplied by a negative temperature (below zero) results in a negative product, indicating a decrease in temperature.

Practice Problems for Adding and Subtracting Opposite Numbers:

  1. 7+(−4)7+(−4) =
  2. (−12)+5(−12)+5 =
  3. 2−(−8)2−(−8) =
  4. (−3)−(−7)(−3)−(−7) =
  5. 10+(−10)10+(−10) =

Answers: 1.-25    2. -67    3.26    4. -17     5. -100

Practice Problems for Multiplying and Dividing Opposite Numbers:

  1. (−6)×3(−6)×3 =
  2. (−5)×(−2)(−5)×(−2) =
  3. 12÷(−4)12÷(−4) =
  4. (−18)÷6(−18)÷6 =
  5. (−15)÷(−5)(−15)÷(−5) =

Answers: 1.324    2. 100    3.9   4. 9     5. 9

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Opposite Numbers FAQs

What are opposite numbers?

Opposite numbers, also known as additive inverses, are numbers that are the same distance from zero on the number line but in opposite directions. For example, 3 and -3 are opposite numbers because they are equidistant from zero, with 3 units to the right of zero and -3 units to the left of zero.

How do you find the opposite of a given number?

To find the opposite of a number, change its sign. If the number is positive, make it negative; if it’s negative, make it positive. For example, the opposite of 5 is -5, and the opposite of -7 is 7.

How are opposite numbers used in operations?

Opposite numbers are used in operations like addition and subtraction to simplify calculations. You get zero when you add a number to its opposite (e.g., 3 + (-3)). In subtraction, finding the opposite helps convert a subtraction problem into an additional problem, making it easier to solve. For instance, 8 – 5 is the same as 8 + (-5), which equals 3.

Gloria Mathew writes on math topics for K-12. A trained writer and communicator, she makes math accessible and understandable to students at all levels. Her ability to explain complex math concepts with easy to understand examples helps students master math. LinkedIn

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