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Weather and Climate

Grade 7 Science Worksheets

In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of weather and climate, and learn about the different factors that influence the weather and climate patterns of our planet. We will also discover how scientists study and predict the weather and climate, and the impact that human activities have on our planet’s weather and climate systems.

Table of Contents:

  • Weather and Climate
  • What is Weather?
  • What is Climate?
  • Difference between Weather and Climate
  • FAQs
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Weather and Climate - Grade 7 Science Worksheet PDF

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Weather and Climate

Have you ever wondered why it’s hot and sunny one day, and then rainy? Or why some areas are always hot and humid, while others are cold and dry? The answer lies in the study of weather and climate!

Weather refers to the short-term conditions of the atmosphere in a specific place, such as temperature, precipitation, wind and humidity.

Climate, on the other hand, is the long-term pattern of weather in a specific area, such as the average temperature, precipitation, and wind patterns.

What is Weather?

Weather is the short-term condition of the atmosphere in a specific place, and it can change quickly, sometimes in just a few hours.

For example, if you go outside on a sunny day, the weather is probably warm and clear. But if you go outside the next day and it’s raining, the weather is different.

Other examples of weather conditions include:

Temperature: Weather can be hot, warm, cool, or cold, depending on the temperature.

Precipitation: This refers to any form of water that falls from the sky, like rain, snow, hail, or sleet.

Wind: Weather can also be windy, with strong gusts of wind blowing.

Humidity: Weather can also be humid, which means that there is a lot of moisture in the air, or dry, which means that there is very little moisture in the air.

In short, weather is the short-term condition of the atmosphere in a specific place, and it can change quickly. Understanding weather is important because it can impact our daily lives, from what we wear to the activities we do.

What is Climate?

Climate refers to the long-term average of the weather patterns in a specific area over 30 years and more. The overall pattern of temperature, precipitation, wind, and other atmospheric conditions characterizes a particular region.

For example, if you live in a region with a warm, sunny climate, you can expect hot, sunny weather for much of the year, with occasional rain showers. On the other hand, if you live in a region with a cold, snowy climate, you can expect cold, snowy weather for much of the year, with occasional warm spells.

Other examples of climates include:

Desert: A hot, dry climate that is characterized by very little precipitation and high temperatures.

Tropical: A warm, humid climate that is characterized by high temperatures and a lot of precipitation.

Temperate: A mild climate that is characterized by moderate temperatures and moderate amounts of precipitation.

Polar: A cold climate that is characterized by very low temperatures and very little precipitation.

In short, climate refers to the long-term average of the weather patterns in a specific area, and it can have a big impact on the plants, animals, and people that live there.

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Difference between Weather and Climate

Weather and climate are two related but different concepts.

Weather refers to the short-term condition of the atmosphere in a specific place, and it can change quickly, sometimes in just a few hours.

Climate, on the other hand, refers to the long-term average of the weather patterns in a specific area over many years.

 

difference between weather and climate

 

For example, if you go outside on a sunny day, the weather is probably warm and clear. But if you go outside the next day and it’s raining, the weather is different. Over the course of many years, the average of these weather patterns would be the climate of that region.

Another way to think about the difference is that weather is what you experience on a day-to-day basis, while climate is the overall pattern of temperature, precipitation, wind, and other atmospheric conditions that characterizes a particular region over a longer period of time.

In short, weather is the short-term condition of the atmosphere, while climate is the long-term average of the weather patterns.

 

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Weather and Climate FAQs

What is the main cause of weather and climate?

The main cause of weather and climate is the energy from the sun, which drives the Earth’s climate system. The Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, land, and ice interact to produce a constantly changing pattern of weather and climate.

How does the climate change over time?

Climate changes over time due to a variety of natural and human-caused factors, including changes in the sun’s energy, volcanic eruptions, changes in ocean currents, and human activities such as deforestation and the burning of fossil fuels.

How does weather and climate affect our daily lives?

Weather and climate affect our daily lives in many ways. They can impact the availability of food, water, and energy resources. Changes in weather and climate patterns can also lead to severe weather events, such as hurricanes, droughts, and floods, which can have significant impacts on our communities and economies.

What is the difference between weather and climate?

Weather refers to the short-term atmospheric conditions in a specific place at a specific time. Climate refers to the long-term pattern of temperature, precipitation, and other atmospheric conditions in a specific region over a period of time, typically 30 years or more.

What is the role of human activities in climate change?

Human activities, such as the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, and the use of chemicals that release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, are contributing to the increase of atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations and the warming of the planet, leading to climate change.

What are the impacts of climate change on the environment?

Climate change is having significant impacts on the environment, including rising sea levels, melting polar ice caps, changes in the patterns and intensity of severe weather events, and disruptions to ecosystems and wildlife habitats.

How is climate change affecting wildlife and biodiversity?

Climate change is disrupting ecosystems and wildlife habitats, causing species to migrate, alter their behavior, or face extinction. These changes are affecting the balance of ecosystems and the services they provide, such as pollination, pest control, and water regulation.

Kathleen Currence is one of the founders of eTutorWorld. Previously a middle school principal in Kansas City School District, she has an MA in Education from the University of Dayton, Ohio. She is a prolific writer, and likes to explain Science topics in student-friendly language. LinkedIn Profile

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