(628)-272-0788 info@etutorworld.com
Select Page

Earth Atmosphere

Grade 7 Science Worksheets

The Atmosphere

The Atmosphere is one of the four spheres of Earth and is comprises different gases that cover the planet like a blanket. It’s in many layers. The part of the atmosphere that we are able to see from the land which has the clouds, the rainbow, birds and airplanes, kites is actually only a thin layer when compared to the full size of the Earth. The Earth is huge spherical ball slightly tilted on its axis, third in position in the Solar System.  The radius of the Earth is roughly about 6400 kms, but all our airplanes can go as high as 16 kms only which is hardly anything when compared to the whole of the Earth.

Schedule a Free session to clear worksheet doubts

No credit card required, no obligation to purchase.
Just schedule a FREE Sessions to meet a tutor and get help on any topic you want!

As one moves away from the surface of the Earth, the pressure of the air gradually decreases. There is no line in the atmosphere which shows where the space begins, it does not happen suddenly, it’s gradual.

When we go up a mountain, it gets colder. The higher we are above the Earth’s surface, the colder it gets. But this is not true for the whole of the Earth’s atmosphere. There are certain portions of the atmosphere where temperature stays the same, and other portions where it even rises as we go up.

The Earth’s atmosphere has five main layers. From the lower layer to the higher layers, they are: the troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, and exosphere.

The troposphere is the layer of atmosphere that starts from the surface of the Earth to a height of 12kms. This mostly has the clouds, air planes, and air currents in the Earth’s atmosphere. The exact height of the troposphere depends on where you are on the Earth and the exact weather conditions at that moment. It is the heaviest of the layers. It contains around 80% of the mass of the atmosphere.

The stratosphere is just above the troposphere. It starts from 12kms above the Earth’s surface to around 48-54kms above the Earth’s surface. Here there are unusually high clouds called nacreous clouds, the ozone layer, and even a few aircraft, usually the jets. This is the layer which contains the ozone layer.

The temperature in the stratosphere gets warmer as we go up due to the absorption of ultraviolet radiation in the ozone layer.

Earth Atmosphere – Grade 7 Science Worksheets

The mesosphere is above the stratosphere and reaches from around 48-55 kms above the ground up to 80-85 kms. It becomes quite cold here and that the little drops of water vapor found here sublimates directly into clouds.  Cloud formation does not happen anywhere after this layer.

The thermosphere is the next layer also called the ionosphere because of the presence of ions in this layer. It starts from 80-85 kms up until 490kms to 900kms. The International Space Station orbits in this layer. This is where we find the auroras that people see from Earth near the North and South poles.  The size of the thermosphere depends on how hot the Sun is at a time. Temperature here increases drastically, but there is no proper way to calculate this; because of the presence of very few molecules in this layer and also that they’re moving rapidly.  There are no clouds in this layer.

Finally, the exosphere is the uppermost and the last layer of the atmosphere. This is where atoms and molecules escape Earth’s gravity into space.

Components of the Atmosphere

The Earth’s atmosphere is mostly nitrogen: 78% to be exact, 21% of the atmosphere is the oxygen that we breathe, 0.9% argon, and 0.04% carbon dioxide. Even though there is so little carbon dioxide in the atmosphere it is very powerful and most of the climate change is happening because of changes in a tiny percentage of the atmosphere but it affects a lot. The atmosphere also has water vapor which is sometimes as high as 5% of the atmosphere in the wettest places.

Air is actually a mixture of various gases. All animals and plant life are dependent on the air all around. Nature maintains a good balance of the gases present in the atmosphere apart from the mess humans have made with respect to global warming due to the pollution emitted from various factories vehicles and nuclear testings.

Earth Atmosphere – Grade 7 Science Worksheets
Earth Atmosphere – Grade 7 Science Worksheets

Greenhouse Gases and Ozone

Gases like water vapor, carbon dioxide and methane are green house gases which are present in the small amounts. Like a thick blanket that covers Earth, they are especially good at trapping heat. And because their concentrations are increasing due to human activity, more heat than ever is being trapped underneath these gases and  the Earth overall is warming. This is termed as the Greenhouse Effect.

 Ozone is a small but very important component of the atmosphere. Ozone is made up of three oxygen molecules and is what protects us from harmful UV radiation of the sun. Ozone absorbs this radiation, blocking most of it from reaching us on the ground. It acts as a filter in the atmosphere. This is the reason why there is such a concern about the thinning of the ozone layer and its depletion.

If it is unable to filter out harmful rays, then more UV radiation reaches us. This is a major issue because UV radiation makes us very sick. It causes skin cancer(leucoderma), and harms other plants and animals and sometimes dangers of vision impairment.

Learn more about Earth Atmosphere and other important topics with 7th Grade Science Tutoring at eTutorWorld. Our expert science tutors break down the topics through interactive one-to-one sessions. We also offer the advantage of customized lesson plans, flexible schedules and convenience of learning from home.

eTutorWorld Understands Math Tutoring | Online Math Worksheets are Important Tools

Understanding graphs, charts, and opinion polls in a newspaper, for calculating house and car payments, and for choosing a long-distance telephone service are impossible without strong math skills …and the only way to develop strong math skills is by constant practice.

‘Practice makes a man perfect’ holds true for no other field better than for math. A middle or high school student must set aside a minimum of an hour for math every day. Other than textbooks, worksheets help you revise and understand concepts better.

Our expert tutors prepare online maths worksheets that are age and grade-appropriate. Grade-wise math worksheets for Elementary Math, Arithmetic, Pre-Algebra, Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry, Statistics, Pre-Calculus and Calculus can be solved to improve math skills, to get ahead or to even catch up.

You may download these FREE online math worksheets in the PDF format, and then print and email us their solutions for a free evaluation and analysis by eTutorworld’smath expert tutors.

You may solve these worksheets by yourself or with your peers while studying together.

The Answer Key at the end of each worksheet allows for a self-evaluation.

Personalized Online Tutoring

eTutorWorld offers affordable one-on-one live tutoring over the web for Grades K-12, Test Prep help for Standardized tests like SCAT, CogAT, MAP, SSAT, SAT, ACT, ISEE and AP. You may schedule online tutoring lessons at your personal scheduled times, all with a Money-Back Guarantee. The first one-on-one online tutoring lesson is always FREE, no purchase obligation, no credit card required.

For answers/solutions to any question or to learn concepts, take a FREE CLASS.

No credit card required, no obligation to purchase.
Just book a free class to meet a tutor and get help on any topic you want!

Check Point

Fill in the blanks:

  1. As we go up from the surface of the Earth, the air pressure gradually …………………
  2. ………… contains most of the clouds, weather, air planes, and air currents in the Earth’s atmosphere.
  3. …………….has the ozone layer.
  4. The is the coldest layer in the atmosphere is……………..
  5. The …………… is the uppermost layer of the atmosphere. This is where atoms and molecules escape Earth’s gravity into space.
Answer Key
  1. Decreases
  2. Troposphere
  3. Stratosphere
  4. Mesosphere
  5. Exosphere

Pricing for Online Tutoring

Tutoring PackageValidityGrade (1-12), College
5 sessions1 Month$139
1 session1 Month$28
10 sessions3 months$269
15 sessions3 months$399
20 sessions4 months$499
50 sessions6 months$1189
100 sessions12 months$2249