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Types of Solar Eclipses

Grade 7 Science Worksheets

A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and the Earth, blocking the Sun’s light and casting a shadow on the Earth.

Table of Contents:

  • Types of Solar Eclipses
  • Interesting Facts about the Solar Eclipse
  • FAQs
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Solar Eclipses - Grade 7 Science Worksheet PDF

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Solar Eclipses

Celestial bodies like the sun, moon, and planets are involved in a variety of phenomena that are occurring throughout the universe. While some phenomena are invisible to the human eye, others are. These extraordinary occurrences in the galaxy include supernovas, solar and lunar eclipses, asteroids, comets, asteroids, meteors, and meteoroids. Let’s first examine what an eclipse is and why it happens.

When a moon or a planet blocks the sun’s light, an eclipse occurs. An eclipse occurs when a planet or the moon blocks the path of the sun.

Two different types of eclipses are possible, namely:

  1. Solar eclipse
  2. Lunar eclipse

When the moon casts its shadow on the earth as a result of moving in front of the sun. In this eclipse, the sun’s light is partially or completely blocked by the moon’s shadow. The moon casts two different shadows toward the earth during a solar eclipse because the sun, moon, and earth are all in alignment.

The umbra and penumbra are the names for these shadows. As it approaches the earth, the umbra gets shorter. The moon’s shadow’s dark center, or umbra, is visible. As it approaches the earth’s surface, the penumbra grows larger.


4 Types of Solar Eclipses

1. Total eclipse: A total eclipse occurs when the sun’s light is completely blocked. Here, the sun’s intensely bright light is completely hidden by the dark silhouette of the moon.

2. Partial eclipse: It is referred to as a partial eclipse when the moon partially blocks the sun’s rays. The sun and moon are not parallel to the Earth in this location.

3. Annular eclipse: The sun and moon are perfectly aligned with the earth during an annular eclipse. However, the moon’s size seems to be smaller than the sun’s. The moon’s dark disc is encircled by the sun, which appears as a bright ring.

4. Hybrid eclipse: A hybrid eclipse is a unique occurrence in which parts of the earth’s surface appear to be under a total eclipse while other parts appear to be under an annular eclipse.

Steps to Look at a Solar Eclipse Safely

Watching the clear sky is always exciting, but seeing a celestial event is even more so. Some cosmological phenomena are not recommended for observation with the naked eye. One such phenomenon that harms the retina when seen up close is the solar eclipse.

1. To view this magnificent process, use specially designed solar filters, such as handheld solar viewers or eclipse glasses.

2. Check the filters for damage or scratches before using them.

3. Never use a telescope or a pair of binoculars to view.

4. Avoid capturing the solar eclipse with a camera or any other optical device.

5. Home filters, solar viewing glasses, and sunglasses are a big NO.

6. Last but not least, avoid removing the filter while gazing at the sun. Remove the filter and turn away from the sun.

It is important to emphasize that regular sunglasses are not suitable for viewing a solar eclipse. They do not provide sufficient protection for your eyes. Only specially designed solar filters, such as handheld solar viewers or eclipse glasses, should be used.

It is worth mentioning that during a total solar eclipse, it is safe to view the eclipse with the naked eye only during the brief period of totality when the Sun is completely covered by the Moon. However, as soon as the Sun starts to reappear, proper eye protection must be used again.

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Facts about the Solar Eclipse

Solar eclipses occur on average about every 18 months, but they are only visible from specific parts of the Earth.

The longest solar eclipse of the 21st century occurred on July 22, 2009, and lasted a total of 6 minutes and 39 seconds.

The corona, or outer layer of the Sun’s atmosphere, is visible during a total solar eclipse and is hotter than the Sun’s surface.

During a total solar eclipse, the temperature drops and the sky darkens, which can cause animals to behave unusually.

Solar eclipses have been documented by humans for thousands of years, and they have been the subject of many cultural and mythological beliefs. Solar eclipses have been observed and documented by humans for thousands of years. They have been depicted in ancient cave paintings and mentioned in historical texts, and they continue to be a source of fascination and scientific study.

Another interesting fact is that a solar eclipse can have effects on the natural environment. For example, the sudden decrease in sunlight during a total solar eclipse can cause a drop in temperature, affect wind patterns, and even influence animal behavior. Some animals may become confused or behave as if it were nighttime.

Lastly, it would be helpful to clarify that a hybrid eclipse is a rare type of eclipse that appears as an annular eclipse in some regions and as a total eclipse in others along its path of totality. This occurs due to the curvature of the Earth and the varying distances between the observer and the Moon’s shadow.


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What is a solar eclipse?

A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and the Earth, blocking the Sun’s light and casting a shadow on the Earth.

How often do solar eclipses occur?

Solar eclipses occur on average about every 18 months, but they are only visible from specific parts of the Earth.

What is a total solar eclipse?

A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon completely blocks the Sun, and the Sun’s corona, or outer layer, is visible as a glowing ring around the Moon.

Is it safe to look at a solar eclipse?

No, it is not safe to look directly at a solar eclipse without proper eye protection. The Sun’s UV radiation can cause permanent eye damage or blindness.

What is the best way to view a solar eclipse?

The safest way to view a solar eclipse is to use special eclipse glasses or a solar filter on a camera or telescope. It is also possible to indirectly view the eclipse by projecting the Sun’s image onto a surface using a pinhole camera or binoculars.

Kathleen Currence is one of the founders of eTutorWorld. Previously a middle school principal in Kansas City School District, she has an MA in Education from the University of Dayton, Ohio. She is a prolific writer, and likes to explain Science topics in student-friendly language. LinkedIn Profile

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