# Surface Area of Cubes and Rectangular Prisms

Home | Online Math Tutoring | 6th Grade Math Tutoring | **Surface Area of Cubes and Rectangular Prisms**

**How do you find the total surface area of a rectangular box?**

A rectangular prism where all the sides are the same is a cube.

The surface area of a prism is the total sum of the areas of all its side faces. Representing a solid in two-dimensional form is called a net.

Surface area is the total area of all surfaces on a 3** – **dimensional shape.

##### Cuboids or rectangular prisms have 6 rectangular faces.

**We mark the length l, width w, and height h of the prism and use the formula, **

Area of top and bottom face = 2 *lw*

Area of right and left side face = 2*hw*

Area of front and back face = 2*hl*

*Example: *Find the surface area of prism shown in the figure.

*Example:*

**S = 2 lw + 2lh + 2wh **

= 2(3)(5) + 2(3)(6) + 2(5)(6)

= 30 + 36 + 60

= 126 square inches

*Example:* Find the surface area of an aquarium of dimensions 10 cm, 8 cm and 5 cm.

*Example:*

Formula for Surface area **= **2*lw* + 2*lh* + 2*wh*

= 2.10.5 + 2.10.8 + 2.8.5

= 340 cm²

**How do you find the surface area of a cube?**

When all sides in a rectangular prism are equal, it is a cube. So, each face is a square.

**A cube has 6 square faces.**

In a cube all sides are equal so we calculate the surface area by 6 × side²

*Example:* Calculate the surface area of a cube of side 4 mm

*Example:*

Surface area of a cube = 6 × side²

= 6 × 4²

= 96 mm²

**Check point **

- Find the surface area of a rectangular wooden TV unit of length 18 cm, width 5 cm, height, 6 cm.
- Find the surface area of this cube.

- Aurora wants to calculate the surface area of a carton box which she needs to wrap. Length of the box is 7 cm, width is 5 cm, and 2 cm is the height.

- Find the surface area of a rectangular tube if the length, width, and height are as follows:

- Which of the following ice cubes will melt faster? “A” which measures 3 mm, 2 mm, 1 mm or “B” the other measures 2 mm, 1.5 mm, 1.3 mm. Calculate the surface area for both (Hint: the more is the surface area, the quicker it melts).

- What will be the surface area of cube with side 32 inches?

##### Answer key

- 456 cm²
- 726 mm²
- 118 cm²
- 76 square inches
- A = 22 cm², B = 15.1 cm² A is the ice cube which will melt faster, due to larger surface area.
- 6,144 square inches

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