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Elements and Compounds Worksheets (Featuring Definitions, Difference, and Examples)

Science Worksheet for 7th Graders

An element is a pure substance made up of only one type of atom. Each element has its unique set of properties and is represented by a specific symbol. On the other hand, a compound is a substance composed of two or more elements chemically combined in fixed proportions.

Compounds have distinct properties that are different from those of their constituent elements. Understanding the characteristics and differences between elements and compounds is crucial in unraveling the complexities of the world around us.

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Elements

Everything around us is made up of elements. Let’s take the air we breathe is mixture so many elements like oxygen, nitrogen, and argon. They are the constituting factors for everything on this planet Earth: the tree, your book, your pencil, paper, and furniture, so on.

An element is a pure substance that cannot be broken down by chemical methods into simpler parts.

For example

  • A piece of iron cannot be broken down into anything other than iron. If you kept breaking that piece,  the pieces would get smaller, but each piece will always be iron.
Picture of Nails
  • A copper wire is an example of an element/ pure substance. The more we break it down, more pieces of copper we get.
Coil of Copper Wire

Elements consist of only one type of atom. An atom is the smallest particle of an element that still has the same properties of that element. All atoms of a specific element have exactly the same chemical makeup, size, and mass.

Carbon Atom

There are a total of 118 elements.

Many elements occur naturally on Earth; however, some are created in a laboratory by scientists by nuclear processes.

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Compounds

Every combination of atoms is a molecule. Numerous atoms of different elements combine to form a compound molecule. All compounds are molecules but all molecules are not compounds. Molecule is one that is formed together out of a chemical bond.

For example
 

  • Sodium (Na) is a molecule, but not a compound because it is made of only one element.
  • Common Salt (NaCl) can be called a molecule or a compound because it is made of Sodium Na, and Chlorine Cl.
Salt in a salt shaker
  • One atom of carbon + one molecule of oxygen = one molecule of carbon dioxide.
Diagram showing illustration of how carbon and oxygen combine to become CO2

An illustration of how element compound and mixture looks like:

An illustration of how element compound and mixture

Credit: https://chemistry.stackexchange.com/questions/2879/what-is-the-definition-of-of-compound-mixture-element-and-molecule

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Difference between element compound

What elements and compounds have in common?

Both, elements and compound are pure chemical substances.

Physical changes: A change which does not affect the substance. Physical forces cannot always break down compounds totally. Heat melts ice to form water. But no change happens to the molecule of water. Like -wise decreasing the pressure boils water leaving the molecules unchanged.

Chemical changes in compounds happen when chemical bonds are created or destroyed.

In a chemical change the forces between atoms, changes the molecular pattern of a substance. Energy is either released or absorbed in the process.

elements and compound are pure chemical substances

The process of curdling of milk is also an example of chemical change.

  1. A new substance is formed
  2. The process is irreversible

There are millions of different compounds around us. When elements join and become compounds, they lose many of their individual behavior. Sodium (Na) is very reactive element individually but when sodium and chlorine (Cl) combine, table salt forms which is a non-reactive and obviously very edible substance. New compounds formed rarely posses any of their previous physical or chemical traits when they were elements. They have a new life of their own.

Check Point

A. Fill in the blanks:

  1. An …………… Is a pure substance that cannot be broken down by chemical methods into simpler components.
  2. An …………… is the smallest particle of an element that still has the same properties of that element.
  3. There are a total of …………… elements.
  4. A …………… is a molecule made of atoms from different elements.
  5. …………… …………… in compounds happen when chemical bonds are created or destroyed.

B. State True or False:

  1. All atoms of a specific element have the different chemical makeup, size, and mass.
  2. Molecule is used to describe any atoms that are together by a chemical bond.
  3. Every compound is a molecule, and every molecule is a compound.
  4. When elements join and become compounds, they do not lose many of their individual behaviors.
  5. Physical forces alone rarely break down compounds completely.
Why is the sea salty
Answer Key

A. Fill in the blanks:

  1. Element
  2. Atom
  3. 118
  4. Compound
  5. Chemical Changes

B. State True or False

  1. False
  2. True
  3. False
  4. False
  5. True

Sample Questions

Q1. One Word Answer: 

  1.  It takes the shape of the container._____________
  2. It is made up of particles/atoms of only one kind._____________
  3. A Compound is same throughout in properties and composition. We call it _________________
  4. A Smallest unit of an element that has all the basic properties of the element._________________
  5. It is made up of two or more kinds of atoms or compounds mixed in any proportion.________________
  6. This molecule is made of two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen._______________
  7. One example of an element. ________________
  8. The elements are placed in specific locations because of the way they look and act. _________________
  9. These substances will have a constant appearance, color and density throughout the sample. ________________
  10. Objects that take up space and have mass._________________

Learn more about Elements and Compounds and other important topics with 7th Grade Science Tutoring at eTutorWorld. Our expert science tutors break down the topics through interactive one-to-one sessions. We also offer the advantage of customized lesson plans, flexible schedules and convenience of learning from home.

What are elements?

Elements are pure substances made up of only one type of atom. They cannot be broken down into simpler substances by chemical means.

What are compounds?

Compounds are substances formed by chemically combining two or more elements in fixed proportions. They have unique properties different from their constituent elements.

How are elements and compounds different?

The main difference between elements and compounds is their composition. Elements consist of only one type of atom, while compounds are composed of different types of atoms chemically bonded together.

How are elements and compounds represented?

Elements are represented by symbols, usually derived from their names. For example, oxygen is represented by the symbol O. Compounds are represented using chemical formulas that indicate the types and numbers of atoms present in the compound.

Are there any free worksheets available for practicing elements and compounds?

Yes, our website provides free worksheets for grade 7 students to practice and reinforce their understanding of elements and compounds. These worksheets offer a variety of exercises to enhance their knowledge and skills in this area of chemistry.

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