Properties of Shapes (Triangle, Quadrilateral, Pentagon, Hexagon)
Grade 5 Math Worksheets
A closed figure made by joining 3 non-collinear points bounded by three segments is called a triangle. Triangles are classified on the basis of their sides and angles.
On the basis of sides
- Equilateral triangle: A triangle having all the sides of equal length.
- Isosceles triangle: A triangle whose two sides are equal to each other and third is unequal.
- Scalene triangle: A triangle whose all three sides are unequal to each other.
On the basis of Angles
- Acute Angled Triangle: A triangle whose all 3 angles measure less than 90°.
- Obtuse Angled Triangle: A triangle whose one angle measures greater than 90° but less than 180° . However, the other two angles measure less than 90° .
- Right Angled Triangle: A triangle whose one angle measures exactly 90° . However, the other two angles measure less than 90° .
- Equiangular Triangle: A triangle whose all 3 angles are equal to each other i.e. they measure 60°
A closed figure bounded by 4 line segments is called a quadrilateral. It has 4 sides, 4 vertices, and 4 angles. The 2 sides meeting at a common vertex is called adjacent sides while the other 2 sides having uncommon vertices are called non-adjacent sides. The line segments joining any two non- adjacent vertices are called diagonals.
Types of Quadrilaterals
- Rectangle: A quadrilateral whose opposite sides are equal and each angle is a right angle.
- Square: A quadrilateral whose all sides are equal and each angle is a right angle.
- Parallelogram: A quadrilateral whose opposite sides are equal and parallel.
- Rhombus: A quadrilateral whose all sides are equal.
- Trapezoid: A quadrilateral whose one pair of the opposite side is parallel.
A polygon made up of 5 line segments is called a pentagon. If all the sides and angles of the given pentagon are equal, then it is called a regular pentagon.
A polygon made up of 6 line segments is called a hexagon. If all the sides and angles of the given hexagon are equal, then it is called a regular hexagon.
Example: State which of these figures are triangles and which are quadrilaterals:
Figure a,d represent triangles as they are made up of 3 line segments.
Figure b,c represent quadrilaterals as they are made up of 4 line segments.
Example: Classify the triangles on the basis of sides or angles:
Figure ‘a’ is a scalene triangle as all 3 sides are unequal.
Figure ‘b’ is an equilateral triangle as all 3 sides are equal to each other.
Figure ‘c’ is an obtuse-angled triangle as one angle measures greater than 90° .
Figure‘d’ is a right-angled triangle as one angle measures exactly 90° .
Example: Classify the polygons:
Figure ‘a’ is a parallelogram as its opposite sides are parallel.
Figure ‘b’ is a trapezoid as one pair of the opposite side is parallel.
Figure ‘c’ is a pentagon as it is made up of 5 line segments.
Figure ‘d’ is a quadrilateral as it is made up of 4 line segments.
- How many right angles can a triangle have?
- Is it possible for a triangle to have 2 obtuse angles?
- Identify the quadrilateral having only one pair of opposite sides parallel.
- How many sides does a pentagon have?
- Is the given figure a quadrilateral?
- A right triangle can have only one right angle.
- No, an obtuse angle can have only one obtuse angle.
- No, the given figure is open.
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