Rational and Irrational Numbers

Rational and Irrational Numbers

Rational and Irrational Numbers

Rational Numbers

Any number that can be expressed in the form \\frac{p}{{q}}  where p, q are integers and q \\neq  0 is called a rational number. p is called the numerator and q the denominator of the rational number.

Any integer can be expressed as a rational number. For example, 5 can be written as \\frac{5}{1}  in the rational form.

The numbers \\frac{4}{-5},\\frac{6}{4},\\frac{-11}{-9},\\frac{8}{1},\\frac{-7}{-1},\\frac{0}{-3},… are all rational numbers

All fractions are rational numbers. All integers are also rational numbers. There are many rational numbers which are neither fractions nor integers.

Rational numbers can also be represented on the number line.

Example: Which of the following is (are) rational number(s)?

2, \\frac{1}{3}\\sqrt{2}, -9, \\frac{-5}{12}}

It can be seen that apart from\\sqrt{2}, all other numbers can be written in the form\\frac{p}{q}}.

So, except\\sqrt{2}, all the given numbers are rational numbers.

Irrational Numbers

All numbers which are not rational are called irrational numbers, which means all the numbers that cannot be put in the form  \\frac{p}{q}} where p, q are integers and q \\neq  0 are called ‘irrational numbers’.

Any rational number will be a terminating decimal or a repeating decimal. For example, \\frac{7}{8}} = 0.875(terminating decimal)

\\frac{5}{12} = 0.41666…(repeating decimal)

An irrational number is a decimal that is neither terminating nor repeating.

The square roots of 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8 are all irrational numbers.

Example: Which of the following is NOT irrational?

  1. \\sqrt{2}
  2. \\sqrt{7}
  3. \\sqrt{16}
  4. \\sqrt{8-4}

 

\\sqrt{2}  and  \\sqrt{7} are irrational numbers.

\\sqrt{16} = 4, which is a rational number.

\\sqrt{8-4} = \\sqrt{4} = 2, which is also a rational number.

So, \\sqrt{16} and  \\sqrt{8-4} are NOT irrational numbers.

Check Point

1. Is 0.31 311 3111… an irrational number?

2. Identify the rational numbers: 21π, \\sqrt{83}, \\frac{10}{7}.

3. Which of the following is an irrational number?
   rational2
4. Is 0 a rational number?

5. Which list contains only rational numbers?

rational3

Answer key
  1. Yes
  2. \\frac{10}{7}
  3. π
  4. 0 is a rational number because we can write it as\\frac{0}{1} ,\\frac{0}{-4}, which implies that 0 is a rational number.
  5. (A)

Personalized Online Tutoring

eTutorWorld offers affordable one-on-one live tutoring over the web for Grades 2-12, Test Prep help for Standardized tests like SCAT, CogAT, SSAT, SAT, ACT, ISEE and AP. You may schedule online tutoring lessons at your personal scheduled times, all with a Money-Back Guarantee. The first one-on-one online tutoring lesson is always FREE, no purchase obligation, no credit card required.

For answers/solutions to any question or to learn concepts, take a FREE Demo Session.

No credit card required, no obligation to purchase.
Just schedule a FREE Sessions to meet a tutor and get help on any topic you want!

Pricing for Personalized Online Tutoring

Tutoring Package Validity Grade (1-12), College
5 sessions 21 Days $114
1 session 21 Days $24
10 sessions 2 months $219
15 sessions 3 months $319
20 sessions 3 months $409
50 sessions 6 months $949
100 sessions 10 months $1849

IN THE NEWS

©2021 eTutorWorld           Terms of use            Privacy Policy            Site by Little Red Bird          

©2021 eTutorWorld
Terms of use
Privacy Policy
Site by Little Red Bird

MAKE USE OF THE FIRST SALE OF 2021

 

♦ Coupon JAN10 for a 10% Discount on all Tutoring Packs

♦ Coupon TEST20 for a 20% Discount on all SCAT, SSAT, CogAT & Enrichment Online Practice Packs

You have Successfully Subscribed!