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CogAT stands for Cognitive Abilities Test. The CogAT test is a standardized measure of cognitive abilities. It measures three different cognitive skills areas, assessing the student’s development compared to other students in the same grade and age group. The test is used for K12 students.

It is used as part of the admissions process for gifted programs. This test measures a child’s cognitive abilities and achievement in various subjects. It also looks at how quickly they can process information and whether they can figure out new concepts on their own.
The test will assess your child’s reasoning and problem-solving skills, as well as their reading comprehension and general math skills.

What is CogAT Test?

The CogAT, or Cognitive Abilities Test, is a multi-choice assessment test designed to measure a student’s cognitive abilities. It evaluates verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, and nonverbal reasoning skills.

What is on the CogAT Test?

The CogAT is a cognitive test that consists of three batteries –

  • Verbal Battery: Picture Analogies, Sentence Completion, Picture Classification
  • Quantitative Battery: Number Analogies, Number Puzzles, Number Series
  • Non-Verbal Battery: Figure Matrices, Paper Folding, Figure Classification

There are ten levels numbered from 5 to 18, corresponding to the age group of students it is meant for. For example, Level 7 will correspond to students in Grade 1.

The following are the different and corresponding grades:


It is essential to understand that each school or program sets up its requirements on the CogAT percentile rankings for its gifted programs.

How is the CogAT Test administered?

The test can be taken online and offline and is available in English and Spanish for all levels. Typically, the test is administered to a small group of students, no larger than 20. The test time for each battery and whether the children are tested for the three batteries separately or together will vary from school to school.

Each time you take the test, your responses are compared with those of other students in the same age group or grade who have taken the same test.

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CogAT Test Sections

The CogAT test consists of three sections:


The verbal section for levels 5/6 to 8 contains questions in picture analogies, sentence completion, and picture classification. For levels 9 and above, this battery includes questions on verbal analogies, sentence completion, and classification. 


The quantitative section for all levels contains questions about number analogies, number puzzles, and number series.


The nonverbal section for all levels contains questions in the areas of figure matrices, paper folding, and figure classification.

How is the CogAT scored?

You will come across the terms – Raw Score, Universal Scale Score(USS), Standard Age Score(SAS), Percentile Rank(PR), and Stanine(S).

Raw Score: The raw score is derived by counting the number of correct responses. There is no negative marking for incorrect responses.

Universal Scale Score: This score is derived by converting the raw score into a normalized standard score. The composite universal scale score is determined as the average of three USS scores of each battery.

Standard Age Score: This is the normalized age score for USS, with a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 16. The maximum score is 160. A score of 100 would be considered an indication of a standard rate of development with potential in the specific areas, any score higher than this would mean a faster rate of development and potential.

Percentile Rank: This score shows how well a particular student has performed in comparison to other students in the same grade and age. For example, a percentile rank of 85 would mean that the student has scored better than 85% of students in their grade and age who attempted the test.

Stanine: This is a simplified score for the test, ranging from 1 to 9, with 9 being the highest.

The score required to qualify for various gifted programs will be different.

Prepare for CogAT with eTutorWorld

Our test prep services for CogAT can help your child get familiar with the test format and the different types of questions. We have a robust test prep service that gives you access to an extensive resource of practice material for the test.

You can get started with CogAT Test Prep with eTutorworld by scheduling a free session. All our sessions are personalized to suit students’ individual needs, with each session that goes up to 50-55 minutes. We offer 30 days, no questions asked money-back policy if you do not find these sessions helpful.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the CogAT?

The CogAT, or Cognitive Abilities Test, is a standardized test designed to measure a student’s cognitive abilities, such as reasoning, problem-solving, and critical thinking skills.

Who takes the CogAT?

The CogAT is typically administered to students in grades K-12. It is used by educators to identify a student’s strengths and weaknesses and help guide educational placement decisions.

What does the CogAT measure?

The CogAT measures three different cognitive domains: verbal, quantitative, and nonverbal abilities. It assesses a student’s ability to understand and apply concepts, analyze relationships, and solve problems.

How is the CogAT administered?

The CogAT is usually administered in a group setting, with a test administrator providing instructions and monitoring the testing process. The test consists of multiple-choice questions and is often completed using paper and pencil or an online platform.

How long does the CogAT take to complete?

The test duration varies depending on the grade level and the specific version of the CogAT being administered. On average, it takes about 1-2 hours to complete, but this can vary.

Is the CogAT the only measure of a student's abilities?

No, the CogAT is just one tool among many that educators use to assess a student’s abilities. It provides valuable information, but it should be considered alongside other factors, such as classroom performance, teacher evaluations, and other assessments.

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